Educación Física Y Ciencia, 19(2), E035

Educación Física Y Ciencia, 19(2), E035

In the documents and testimonies of the interviewees, it was clear that the guidelines were being modified and the club has always been seen only as a reference in the ‘training of athletes’ and that could not, for financial reasons, keep their players, and started having as goal to keep them in its teams (retention), so as to invest in high-performance team and have a representative adult team. In this case, when more than one athlete with selected characteristics was found, coaches were requested to indicate one, which according to them, had been highly visible in her generation (considered by them as a sporting talent). So, we get very happy when a girl is in a Santa Catarina selection or when her dream is to be remembered for the national team. The sporting context studied was a sports club training young people in the state of Santa Catarina (Brazil). The context investigated comprises a Brazilian club with strong tradition in the training of athletes and important sporting achievements in the sport.

The guideline initially established by the Basketball Club under study for the process of identification and sports development is to achieve a significant number of practitioners without detection or selection a priori to then select those who demonstrate during their formative process, the desired skills for continuity in the sporting process. The selection of board members and coaches took place through the following inclusion criteria: current president (appointed by the board of directors and coaches for providing updated information on actions, guidelines and club purposes); former sports director (appointed by the board and coaches due to their contribution to the beginning of basketball in the city and the Basketball Club foundation process); coaches (all coaches working in competitive teams and the sports initiation schools). Although the club have changed its policies regarding the transfer of athletes to other institutions, the retention guidelines established by the new board were not enough to stimulate and develop a policy for the permanence of athletes who leave early the sports. These documents helped in gathering information on titles won, athletes called for state and / or national teams awarded as top scorer in competitions, proposed guidelines, sponsorships, basketball schools, youth and adult teams.

Thus, some athletes did not even reach maturity in the sport and the club did not actually make use of talents in adult category competitions, i.e., there was no concern with the advancement of athletes to higher competitive levels. Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the guidelines and success factors of a sport club that contribute to the identification and development of female basketball athletes. In turn, interviews with coaches were based on the following themes: initiation schools and competitive teams (age that children start in basketball practice and competitive teams, number of initiation schools and competitive teams, weekly and daily frequency of initiation schools and competitive teams); sponsorship and support (receiving public and private funding, difficulties found and strategies used to obtain collaborators, aid from parents in expenses and club activities, adjustment of budget to Club activities); established guidelines for recruitment, retention and advancement in sport (selection process of children and young people to join in initiation schools and competitive teams, providing scholarships, financial assistance, food, transportation, housing); transfer of athletes and / or sport abandonment (abandonment reasons, transfers and return of athletes).

The results showed the importance of administrative organization of sports institutions guided by solid training guidelines that support the club management actions and emphasize the importance of public-private partnerships to increase the federated sport, where sponsorship exchanges such as scholarships in private universities and government policies become crucial for maintaining athletes in adulthood. The guidelines also revealed that the club has been, for many years, exclusively dedicated to the ‘training’ of female basketball players in its training schools, taking part in competitions in the youth category without due concern for the retention and subsequent advancement in the sports career (transition to adult category). However, as municipal public institutions do not have as priority elite sport, the basketball club investigated has presented difficulties in keeping teams of higher and adult ages in the scenario to which they belong. In this case, it also showed the large number of young people who dropout from sports practice or transferred to other clubs when they were in the development categories. From 2011, with the end of agreements, they have to compete for public school to which most athletes moved in order to participate together in the competition.

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